STORIES This blog is my vehicle to share all the compelling things that I hold so dear about Africa with you. elephant grass uses. Basket making craft is a traditional heritage providing employment and earning capability to a large number of craftsman from rural area. It provides employment to a vast segment of craftsman in rural and semi urban areas and generates substantial foreign exchange, while preserving its cultural heritage. The Handicraft sector has, however, suffered due to its being unorganized, with the additional constraints of lack of education, low capital, and poor exposure to new technologies, absence of market intelligence, and a poor institutional framework. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Cenchrus purpureus, synonym Pennisetum purpureum, also known as Napier grass, elephant grass or Uganda grass, is a species of perennial tropical grass native to the African grasslands. In India, hybrid elephant grass varieties are also available which are more leafy, fine textured, palatable, fast growing and drought resistant than normal Elephant grass. Elephant grass i… Overall, the employment in. Napier grass was introduced to Florida as a forage crop. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. It is C4 plant and can grow well in marginal land. They are found most often in the savannas, grasslands, and forests of Africa and Asia. Artisans have preserved their traditional skills over many generations, to produce elegant yet strong woven baskets for both functional and decorative use. After completion of dyeing the strands are given a cold wash followed by dyefixing treatment (optional) under acidic pH conditions for 30 min at room temperature and finally air dried. Napier grasses improve soil fertility, and protect arid l… Generally, Elephant grass harvesting within 60 to 90 days yields material having highest content of crude protein, cellulose, he. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. Still, it is good to know the medicinal uses of all plants in your garden, even if they are not a part of herbs. Basket making craft is a traditional heritage providing employment and earning capability to a large number of craftsman from rural area. Varieties of Elephant grass are available in nature and their chemical composition varies from region to region and also depends on the time of harvesting. This helps improve surface absorbency as well as core penetration during subsequent dyeing. RUCOGAL WSN specialty chemical to improve uniform level dyeing, RUCO-ACID C - organic acid for optimum pH controlling, HYDROCOL SUN dye-fixer to improve wet fastness properties. The Elephant grass is woven by following process: - Each stalk of straw is split vertically in half, - Two split lengths are rolled and twisted tightly to form a strong strand, - Strands are pre-wetting with suitable wetting agent, - Dyeing with a suitable natural or synthetic dye in a pot, - Weaving as per requirement of basket design and size, - Trimming off remaining | extruding straw from the basket. elephant grass In an overgrown abandoned lot at a street corner in Pisté, 12-ft-tall (3.7m) bunches of grass are surprisingly green here in the dry season, as shown below: Overtopping the stems and blades the slender, spikelike inflorescences bend in the wind, as seen below: T. Ansah, E.L.K Osafo and Hanne H. Hansen, Agricultural and Biology J. N. The information provided on this website is for educational or information purposes only. Elephant grass is often cultivated as windbreak and firebreak. Napier grass commonly known as elephant grass is an important fodder in Uganda and has been increasingly associated with intensive (stall-feeding/zero grazing) and … Overall, the employment in Indian handicraft segment is expected to reach 80 lakhs by the end of 2017 which at present is estimated at 67 lakh. 2. Elephant grass is also used for making table mats, sleeping mats, decorative wall hangings, etc. It is also known as elephant grass. P. purpureum is one of the most valuable forage and silage crops in its native Africa and throughout the wet tropics. etal Complex dyes for simple application process, reliable reproducible results and outstanding wet and light fastness properties. The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. Whether elephant grass is the long-term and sustainable solution still remains to be seen. Other uses of this plant are: Food for animals and Used As Food. If you are a passionate gardener, you should not only know how to take care of your plants but should also know their uses. Please fill in your details to download the Table of Contents of this report for free. We also do customization of these reports so you can write to us at mi@fibre2fashion.com in case you need any other additional information. There are two living genera of elephants. Elephant grass is mainly used in cut-and-carry systems (\"zero grazing\") and fed in stalls, or made into silage or hay. Fibre2fashion.com does not endorse or recommend any article on this site or any product, service or information found within said articles. Someone might wonder What is Elephant Grass or how it is useful? Many ornamental plants also posses some medical benefits which we are unaware of. Deepalayam Dhanapalan, maralika.com/grass/html. The simple dyeing process involves dipping the Elephant grass strands in required quantity of dyestuffs as per desired shade along with a suitable levelling and an acidic pH controlling agent and boiled for 30 to 60 min depending on desired depth of shade. Uncontrolled growth of elephant grass can clog waterways and induce floods. Elephant grass is used for the manufacture of paper, oil, biogas and charcoal. It is particularly suited to feed cattle and buffaloes. It is found in swamps and bottomlands and often infests canals, ditches, and irrigated areas of southern Florida. As the chemical composition of Elephant grass contains both protein as well as cellulosic components, it can be dyed with different class of dyes which are suitable for dyeing natural fibres like cotton, linen, jute, wool, silk, etc. I will discuss it more detail in the next section. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It is also used to improve fertility of the soil and in the control of erosion. It is an important forage and pasture grass especially for cattle and it is also cut for hay and fermented for silage (Francis, 1992; FAO, 2013). It is native to Africa but is now grown in many tropical countries. But this sector is still unorganised and decentralised. M.K. This art is a major source of income for many artisans. The importance of Elephant Grass is high as its benefits are more and so are Elephant Grass Facts.Every gardener must look for the required information on this plant before planting it. The unorganised sector dominates this market. In India, hybrid elephant grass varieties are also available which are more leafy, fine textured, palatable, fast growing and drought resistant than normal Elephant grass. It has low water and nutrient requirements, and therefore can make use of otherwise uncultivated lands. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Elephant Grass Benefits are: Aesthetic Uses: Not Used For Aesthetic Purpose. Elephant, largest living land animal, characterized by its long trunk, columnar legs, and huge head with temporal glands and wide, flat ears. Elephant grass can be grazed, provided it can be kept at the lush vegetative stage: livestock tend to feed only the younger leaves (FAO, 2015). Make sure you guys appreciate us and don't forget to Like, Share and Subscribe. Paras and G. Varshneya, handicraft challenges and opportunities, Outstanding Advantages of Card C 72 - RIETER | Know More, Commercial silk dyeing method at Varanasi. Given below are generally recommended dyes, chemicals and illustration of self dyed shades on Elephant grass. Elephants are grayish to brown in color, and their body hair is sparse and coarse. Uses Top of page. Elephant grass, as implied by its name, is an important source of forage for elephants in Africa (Cook et al., 2005). The strands of grass are tied in bunches and then dyed using different colors, each part of the basket - the sides, base and handle, needs special straw which is selected after appropriate dyeing. Generally, the protein and cellulosic fibre content decreases while the dry matter content increases as the grass grows old. Still, it is good to know the medicinal uses of all plants in your garden, even if they are not a part of herbs. Khan, Z. R., Midega, C. A. O., Wadhams, L. J., Pickett, J. It is also called Uganda grass or elephant grass. Hence, you should know which part of the plant is used for a particular need. We use cookies for better user experience. Hybrid Napier grass 2. Subscribe today and get the latest information on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel. A., and Mumuni, A., Evaluation of Napier grass varieties, Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 2007, 124, 201-211. Elephant Grass was created to positively highlight the vibrant culture and colorful traditions of the motherland throughout the world. Paras and G. Varshneya, handicraft challenges and opportunities, www.fibre2fashion.com. Traditionally artisans have used natural and locally available material for making such article; usually the fibres are extracted from stems or leaves of plant and are dyed with natural coloring components which are then hand woven to make artistic but useful objects. Ltd. Woven baskets, mats and hats constitute a small but important part of. It is also known as. Physical description. These are African Loxodonta africanus, and Asian elephants Elephas maximus.. Trunk. Basket Making from Elephant grass is well known and practiced commonly in Bolgatanga village located in northern Ghana where they are called Bolga baskets and similar process is practiced in other countries as well. Floppy trunk syndrome is a condition of trunk paralysis in African bush elephants caused by the degradation of the peripheral nerves and muscles beginning at the tip. Moreover, the new generation of artisans can get different and new innovative ideas which can uplift their economic standard. Generally, Elephant grass harvesting within 60 to 90 days yields material having highest content of crude protein, cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin and is best suited for basket making. If you try to use elephant grass as a mulch, you are basically creating a nursery for it. Elephant grass biomass and wheat bran were used as the support and main carbon sources. All rights reserved by Fibre2Fashion Pvt. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Dyestuffs belonging to chemical class of Direct, Reactive, Acid, etc. Provided on this website is for educational or information purposes only J., Pickett, J 1. Baby elephant, named Naleku, munching on grass, Wadhams, L. J. 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