born 1692, Cradley, Worcestershire, Eng. In 1807, W. Caslon & Son was passed to William Caslon IV. These, as well as all of their consecutive revivals, are referred to as Caslon. Interpretation  Caslon, William English printer. The distinction and legibility of his type secured him the patronage of the leading printers of the day in England and on the continent. He was a member of the most renowned family of French printers who began working in this trade when his grandfather Francoise Didot formed the Didot foundry in 1713. See more ideas about Caslon, Typography, Types of printing. [9], Meanwhile, following his sale of his share in the original foundry in 1792, William Caslon III had purchased (in the same year) the Salisbury Square foundry from the estate of the recently deceased Joseph Jackson, and renamed it W. Caslon & Son. They started a foundry of their own in direct competition to their employer in 1757. Around 1720 he created an extended set of serif typefaces. The distinction and legibility of his type secured him the patronage of the leading printers of the day in England and on the continent. William Caslon I (1692 – 1766), also known as William Caslon the Elder, was an English gunsmith and designer of typefaces. In 1720, the society for Born in 1692 in Cradley, Worcestershire, young William Caslon did his apprenticeship as an engraver and toolmaker with London-based Edward Cookes. Caslon is the name given to serif typefaces designed by William Caslon I (c. 1692–1766) in London, or inspired by his work.. Caslon worked as an engraver of punches, the masters used to stamp the moulds or matrices used to cast metal type. Caslon fonts became some of the most popular typefaces of that century, throughout the English-speaking world....and the Pennsylvania-German speaking world. It is used quite a lot in magazines, journals, books, and as a corporate typeface. Caslon was born in 1692 in Cradley, Worcestershire, England. William Caslon, the first of a family of English type founders, was born at Cradley, Worcestershire in 1692, and in 1716 started business in London as an engraver of … William Caslon was … The distinction and legibility of his type secured him the patronage of the leading printers of the day in England and on the continent. Caslon is a good font for body text. As a result of a legal dispute over the terms of her will, the Foundry was then thrown into Chancery and put up for auction in 1799. Caslon's types became so popular that the expression about typeface choice, "when in doubt, use Caslon," came about. Its popularity in England led to its being exported throughout the British Empire including the American colonies. William Bowyer, who printed Parliamentary reports before Hansard, and also numerous learned and literary works, induced caslon to set up a foundry and his type, caslon, was an Fig 1. It is used quite a lot in magazines, journals, books, and as a corporate typeface. His son, William Caslon (1720-1778), who had been partner with his father for some years, continued the business. Caslon had two apprentices in his Sheffield Foundry, Thomas Cottrell and Joseph Jackson. These, as well as all of their consecutive revivals, are referred to as Caslon. 1763: father and son issue the first English book of type specimens, which includes 56 alphabets by Caslon senior and 27 by his son, designed between 1738 and 1763. Typographer and aspirant printer Justin Howes created , , , and in 1998. The Caslon design is still widely used today. Twombly is distinctive for many reasons, and her story has an element of mystery to it as well. However, the Company name remained H. W. Caslon and Co. Ltd., and continued running until 1937, when it was acquired by Stephenson Blake. Caslon is the first original English typeface. He began his career as an apprentice to an engraver of ornamental gunlocks and barrels in London. Caslon’s eldest son, William, joined him in the typefoundry after 1735 and by about 1742 was a partner who continued to expand their line of fonts. [2], Caslon was born in Cradley, Worcestershire in 1692 or 1693[1] and trained as an engraver in nearby Birmingham. He served a regular apprenticeship to an engra- Tcr on g^un-locks and barrels, and after the ex- piration of his term followed his trade in Vine- street, near the Minories. Beginning in the mid 1700s, American printers became enamored with the finely-crafted British fonts designed by William Caslon, an English gunsmith and typeface designer. William Caslon I (1692/1693 – 23 January 1766), also known as William Caslon the Elder,[1] was an English typefounder. The history of Caslon. After William Caslon I's death, the use of his types diminished, but saw a revival between 1840-1880 as a part of the British Arts and Crafts movement. Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, United States Declaration of Independence, "Caslon, William, the elder (1692–1766), typefounder", "Caslon [née Cartlich], Elizabeth (1730–1795), typefounder", H. W. Caslon & Company font foundry : MyFonts, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William_Caslon&oldid=974916072, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 August 2020, at 19:53. This new typeface quickly replaced many of the Dutch typefaces used previously. William Caslon, (born 1692, Cradley, Worcestershire, Eng.—died Jan. 23, 1766, Bethnal Green, London), English typefounder who, between 1720 and 1726, designed the typeface that bears his name. EXTERNAL LINKS Caslon: Wikipedia MyFonts search John Bidwell, Some Caslon Ornaments in Some American Books. In 1759 Jackson entered the Navy leaving Cottrell to carry on alone. His typefaces transformed English type design and first established an English national typographic style. CASLON, WILLIAM, the elder (1692–1766), type-founder, was born in 1692 at Cradley, Worcestershire, near Halesowen, Shropshire. Justin Howes used the resources of the St. Bride Printing Library in London to throroughly research William Caslon and his types. He commenced business in a separate Foundry with two fellow workman who helped to find the capital 1764 – 1792. [8] Both partners died in 1809. The distinction and legibility of his type secured him the patronage of the leading printers of the day in England and the continent. While some printers resorted to importing superior type from Holland, many others looked for a “homegrown” solution to the problem. William Caxton was an English merchant and diplomat under the employment of the Duchess of Burgundy translating French literature into English. William Caslon I was an English gunsmith and designer of typefaces. For other uses or meanings of Caslon, see, William Caslon I in an engraved portrait by John Faber the Younger. Having contact with printers, he was induced to fit up a type foundry, largely through the encouragement of William Bowyer. Elizabeth Caslon then continued to manage it jointly with her two sons, William Caslon III (1754–1833) and Henry Caslon (c.1755–1788) trading as "Elizabeth Caslon and Sons". In 1816, British printer William Caslon IV developed the first widely known sans serif typeface, the Egyptian font. Designed and cut in metal by William Caslon, the first few sizes were issued in 1722. At the beginning, she was a promising student at the Rhode Island School of Design, where one of her professors was the type designer Charles Bigelow, the designer of the Lucida, Apple Chicago, Apple Geneva and Wingdings fonts, among others.After studying under Bigelow again at Stamford, and receiving one of the few degrees in their digital typography program, Twombly went to work in Bigelow’… William Caslon, 1693-1766 : the ancestry, life and connections of England's foremost letter-engraver and type-founder.. [Johnson Ball] -- A biography of William Caslon I, also called William Caslon the Elder, and English gunsmith and designer of typefaces for the prominent printers … John James in the period 1716–1764 also built up by purchase what became the leading English type foundry of the 18th and early 19th centuries. In 1837, the Salisbury Square Caslon Foundry became the property of Stephenson, Blake & Co.[9]. Biography of William Caslon (1692-1766) Recorder and British types of printing smelter, who gained fame for the design of a font of great beauty and readability, which was one of the most used his time and model of all subsequent fonts. William Caslon. He served his apprenticeship to an ornamental engraver of gun locks and barrels. An apprentice engraver at age 13, his talent for carving into firearms and barrels did not go unnoticed. The use of Caslon types, discontinued about the beginning of the 19th century, was revived about 1845 at the suggestion of Sir Henry Cole, and used for printing the Diary of Lady Willoughby (a pseudo 17th century story) by the Chiswick Press. -former apprentice to William Caslon-began the trend of sand casting large, bold display letters-his specimen book included a "proscription, or posting letter of great bulk and dimension, as high as the measure of twelve lines of pica!" At that time most types were being imported to England from Dutch sources, so Caslon was influenced by the characteristics of Dutch types. William Dean Howells, The Country Printer. Carol Twombly designed this Caslon revival for Adobe in 1990, after studying Caslon's own specimen sheets from the mid-eighteenth century. Caslon, William. He watched as the work of the printing industry unfolded and as a natural extension of his translation work he became intent on bringing the printing and publishing arts to England. 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