Volcanic earthquakes increased after that event, but then decreased around 1300. SO2 emissions decreased slightly from January levels to a range of 400 to 2,700 t/d in February, and steam plumes continued to rise 400-700 m above the crater. JMA reported that no eruptions occurred from Kuchinoerabujima during 16-19 September. Satellite imagery from Sentinel-2 showed gas-and-steam and occasional ash emissions rising from the Shindake crater throughout the reporting period (figure 7). Ergon Energy spokeswoman Emma Oliveri said... A strong earthquake registered by the USGS as M6.1 hit near Yilan, Taiwan at 13:19 UTC on December 10, 2020. The earthquake hypocenters were about 5 km deep, below the SW flanks of Shindake, and the maximum magnitude was 1.9. Kuchinoerabujima volcano 2020 eruption *Masashi NAGAI1, Shojiro Nakagawa2, Yu Iriyama3, Takahiro Miwa1, Setsuya Nakada1 1. JMA reported that at 1637 on 18 December an eruption at Kuchinoerabujima’s Shindake Crater produced an ash plume that rose 2 km and then disappeared into a weather cloud. In another survey on 9 December 2014, scientists found that SO2 levels had increased to 1,700 t/d. 2020 XX3 was first observed at Pan-STARRS 1, Haleakala on December 10, eight days... Two small earthquakes were registered near New Zealand's Mount Taranaki this week-- weak and shallow M3.2 on December 8, 2020, and M1.6 on December 11. According to a news article all residents and visitors (137-141) were safely evacuated by a ferry to neighboring Yakushima Island. Kuchinoerabu-jima is a volcanic island 12 km long and 5 km wide located ~100 km SSW of southern Kyushu Island and Sakura-jima volcano. Activity during August 2014-February 2015. Kuchinoerabu Island contains a composite elongate cone made up of three closely spaced Holocene volcanoes supporting the island's S-central zone (figure 3; Geshi and Nakano, 2007; Geshi and Kobayashi, 2007). The volcanic eruption, on Japan’s southern island of Kuchinoerabujima, forced the evacuation of residents into emergency shelters as a pyroclastic flow edged more than a … | May JMA scientists noted no changes in the thermal anomalies at the crater during a field observation on 28 October. Ash fell in parts of Yakushima. The months of September-December 2008 included high numbers of tremor episodes (table 1). The SO2 emissions measured 1,700 tons/day during this event. A considerable amount of white vapor was emitted from the fissure. Geshi N, Kobayashi T, 2006. Japan Meteorological Agency. They decreased further to 200-300 t/d in August. An eruption in December 1933 killed 8 persons and injured 26. Fumarolic activity near summit had also increased. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-5). The event ejected material that fell in the crater area, and generated a pyroclastic flow that traveled 1 km W. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-5). Weak explosions and ash plumes beginning 21 October 2018. 1 min after the eruption on August 3, … On 6 November, crater incandescence began to be periodically visible. On 5 August, volcanic seismicity and volcanic tremor decreased and views from a remote web camera showed a white plume 50 m above the crater rim. The island can only be reached by boat as it has no airport. White plumes rose 400 m above the crater. Shin-dake's rate of change in surface deformation at the stations has been slowing since September 2011. An explosion at 1713-1915 on 29 January produced an ash plume that rose 4 km above the crater rim and drifted E, along with a pyroclastic flow. An event at 0147 on 20 April generated a grayish-white plume that rose 800 m and drifted SE. They occurred at about the same place as the swarm that occurred just before the May 2015 eruption. The eruption continued through 12 January until 0730. Aerial observations on 20 June by JMA revealed no traces of new pyroclastic-flow deposits around the crater or on the flanks. Another weak explosion occurred on 28 December, scattering large cinders up to 500 m from the crater. Observations made during field surveys in February confirmed continued steam emissions, and thermal anomalies from the W crater rim fissure and the new fissure on the SW flank. All historical eruptions have occurred from Shintake, although a lava flow from the S flank of Furutake that reached the coast has a very fresh morphology. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-5). Japan Meteorological Agency, 2013. A group of young stratovolcanoes forms the E end of Kuchinoerabu-jima Island, midway between Suwanose-jima and Kyushu. Expand each entry for additional details. Seismicity decreased after that time, until an earthquake swarm was recorded during 27-29 September 2009 (about 150 earthquakes). During 5-8 April 2020, small eruptive events were detected, generating ash plumes that rose 900 m above the crater (figure 9). Aerial observation on 25 March by JMA and JCG (Japan Coast Guard) indicated a temperature rise and continued fumarolic activity around the thermal anomaly W of the crater rim. According to the Sakura-jima Volcanological Observatory, Kyoto University, 62 earthquakes were detected around Shin-dake cone during August. JMA reported that very small eruptive events recorded at Kuchinoerabujima’s Shindake Crater during 20-21 February generated whitish plumes that rose 200 m above the crater rim. During January-March 2018, both the number of volcanic earthquakes (generally numerous and typically shallow) and sulfur dioxide flux remained slightly above baselines levels in August 2014 (60-500 tons/day compared tp generally less than 100 tons/day in August 2014). Japan's Kuchinoerabujima volcano erupted at 06:05 UTC on January 11, 2020, ejecting volcanic material up to 300 m (984 feet) from the crater of Mount Shindake. Activity declined after a few days, and Shindake remained quiet until a smaller explosion on 18 June 2015. According to the Kagoshima Regional Meteorological Observatory, the pyroclastic flows were not confirmed during this eruption. Seismicity decreased significantly after the 19 June explosion, but SO2 emissions remained elevated until October 2015. | August Scientists aboard an overflight on 10 February observed a new crater with high-temperature areas on the NE part, new fissures, and white steam emissions. and drifted N. JMA raised the Alert Level for Kuchinoerabujima from 2 to 3 (on a scale of 1-5). The Alert Level remains at 3 (on a scale of 5) since 15:15 UTC on October 27, 2019 (00:15 JST, October 28), after a large earthquake hit the island. User account menu • Kuchinoerabujima eruption 5th April 2020. Months with either more than 200 volcanic earthquakes or more than 30 tremors are shown, and months with earthquake swarms on specific days. Scientists conducting a field survey on 12 September found SO2 emissions at 300 metric tons per day (t/d), higher than the background value of 60 t/d measured on 21 May 2014. You can contact me at julie [ at ] watchers.news. "Seismicity was relatively weak in October and November except on 4 and 9 October when swarms of small B-type earthquakes were recorded (figure 2). A modest explosion from Shindake crater on 3 August 2014 caused JMA to increase the Alert Level at the volcano. During field surveys on 7 and 8 October scientists measured SO2 emissions of 500 t/d. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-5). The Alert Level for Kuchinoerabujima remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-5). Emissions of SO2 remained elevated during June 2015 (800-1,700 t/d), and decreased somewhat in July to 500-700 t/d. Seismicity has been increasing since January 1996. SO2 emissions continued to decline in September, except for a spike of 700 t/d on 10 September. Activity during January-early February 2019. All historical eruptions have originated from the Shindake cone, with the exception of a lava flow that originated from the S flank of the Furudake cone. Recent monthly reports of volcanic activity from the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) translated into English resumed in October 2010. They occurred at about the same place as the swarm that occurred just before the May 2015 eruption. [JMA reported that there was no damage.]. Increased seismicity prompted the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) to raise the Alert Level from 1 to 2 (on a scale of 1-5) on 4 September 2008, and to level 3 on 27 October 2008. The Alert Level remained at 3 (the middle level on a scale of 1-5). GPS measurements indicated that inflation just below the summit crater, which had started in September, was continuing. The volcano is located in the Ryukyu Island arc, off Japan's SW coast (figure 4). People on the island reported no felt earthquakes, and decreasing steam activity through December. Kuchinoerabujima volcano in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan erupted early Monday, February 3, 2020, ejecting volcanic ash up to 7 000 m (23 000 feet) above sea level. Kuchinoerabujima: Lat/Lon: 30.443 , 130.217: Event Date: 16 Jan 2020 00:00 UTC: Exposed Population 30km: About 2000 people within 30km: Exposed Population 100km: About 110000 people within 100km: Max Volc. Explosive eruptions again occurred on February 13, 2020 at 5:16 a.m., Western Indonesia time, recorded on a seismograph with an amplitude of 75 mm and a duration of 150 seconds. A newly-discovered asteroid designated 2020 XX3 will fly by Earth at a distance of 0.15 LD / 0.00038 AU (56 847 km / 35 323 miles) from the center of our planet on December 18, 2020. JMA reported that during 3-8 June white plumes rose 100-400 m above Shindake Crater's rim at Kuchinoerabujima. Information Contacts: T. Tiba, National Science Museum, Tokyo. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. The volcano is not erupting but the rates of deformation and seismicity have... A storm over the Southwest will move northeastward to the Great Lakes through the coming weekend, bringing severe thunderstorms to the Southern Plains and Lower Mississippi Valley, showers to the Lower/Mid-Mississippi Valley, and snow from the central Plains to... A strong earthquake registered by the USGS as M6.0 hit south of the Kermadec Islands, New Zealand at 20:42 UTC on December 6, 2020. Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, Eruptions, Earthquakes & Emissions Application, Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection, Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS), World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO), Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE), Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA), Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). Sulfur dioxide gas emissions were 200-1,000 tons per day during 20-27 January; JMA characterized emissions of 600-1,000 tons per day as high. Specifically, there were 32 earthquakes in January, 40 in February, and 77 in March. A field team observed discolored trees on the SE and SW flanks, and fallen trees near the coast on the NW flank. Shin-dake is the summit cone, and has been the site of all 13 eruptions known since 1840. No surficial changes in gas emissions or thermal areas were observed during 16-20 August. The Alert Level for Kuchinoerabujima remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-5). The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-5). Explosions on 3 August 2014, 29-30 May 2015 (with pyroclastic flow), and 18-19 June 2015. White plumes rose 300 m above the crater. 2016: June Ash fell in parts of Yakushima. On most days a white plume rose 50-300m above the crater rim . During fieldwork on 14 and 15 November observers noted no changes to the thermal areas in the crater. Some periods of increased seismicity through 2009; white plumes. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-5). White plumes rose 600 m above the crater. JMA reported that on 15 August 2018 a swarm of deep volcanic earthquakes was recorded, prompting an increase in the Alert Level to 4. Volcano Research Department, National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience, 2. Seismicity increased again on 27 March. Volcanic Video Site. Since a small eruption in 1980, Kuchinoerabu-jima experienced numerous periods of elevated seismicity, with volcanic earthquakes and tremor detected at least through December 2009 (BGVN 35:11). The 2020 Geminid meteor shower is expected to peak around December 14 and is likely to put the best light show at around 01:00 UTC, when its radiant point is highest in the sky. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-5). Thermal infrared observations taken during a field survey in October 2015 indicated a decrease in temperature around the fissure W of the crater rim since the 29 May eruption. JMA reported that no eruptions occurred from Kuchinoerabujima during 18-22 May, although the level of activity remained elevated. A group of young stratovolcanoes forms the eastern end of the irregularly shaped island of Kuchinoerabujima in the northern Ryukyu Islands, 15 km W of Yakushima. The strong eruption ejected a plume of ash more than 6,000 meters in the air and produced pyroclastic flows hurtling 1,500 meters down the flancs of the volcano. Information Contacts: Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), Volcanological Division, Seismological and Volcanological Department, 1-3-4 Ote-machi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan. Anomalous seismicity and inflation was noted at Kuchinoerabu-jima in late 2008. Number of volcanic earthquakes continues to increase. In addition the temperature of a thermal anomaly in the W part continued to rise. Low-level seismicity continued. Minor ash explosions have occurred in seven different years since 1966. Volcanism at Kuchinoerabujima was relatively low during March through December 2019, according to JMA. Several villages on the 4 x 12 km (2.5 x 7.5 miles) island are located within a few kilometers of the active crater and have suffered damage from eruptions. Emissions of SO2 remained high during the second half of January 2015, ranging from 1,100 to 3,100 t/d. Kuchinoerabu-jima (口永良部島), is one of the Satsunan Islands, usually classed with the Ōsumi Islands belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.The island, 38.04 km² in area, has a population of 147. The eruption is still in progress at 3.30 p.m. The plume was reported by the Tokyo VAAC to be at 10.9 km altitude about an hour after the eruption. Tremor events also increased briefly, with 38 between 28 September and 6 October 2009. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email. Cloud cover prevented views of the eruption area, but the team was able to confirm continued fumarolic activity from a crack in the W part of the crater as well as incandescence. Steaming decreased gradually during October, and was restricted to 10 small craters on the fissure by mid-October. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-5). White plumes rose 600 m above the crater. Sulfur dioxide emissions had been increasing since the beginning of August; they were 1,600, 1,000, and 1,200 tons/day on 11, 13, and 17 August, respectively. Kuchinoerabujima Volcano, which is located in the Ryukyu Islands in southwestern Japan. Low-level seismicity continued and tremor was absent. The volcano, which had last erupted in 1980, erupted on August 3, 2014, at 12:24 local time. r/Volcanoes: Volcano pictures, videos, fun facts, anything! During 30 January-1 February and 3-5 February, white plumes rose as high as 600 m. On 2 February, an explosion at 1141-1300 generated a plume that rose 600 m. No additional activity during February was reported by JMA. The total number of earthquakes recorded was 32 in January, 40 in February, and 77 in March. Tremor was not detected during 5-8 September and JMA noted that poor weather conditions due to a typhoon were affecting the seismic network. Low-level seismicity continued and tremor was absent. Ashfall was confirmed in the northern part of neighboring Yakushima Island (a large amount in Miyanoura, 32 km ESE) and southern Tanegashima. "We do not think the latest eruption would engulf the entire island." Ash plumes continued to be emitted the next day, rising as high as 1.2 km. The epicenter was located 26.5 km (16.5 miles)... Explosive activity resumed at Karymsky volcano, Kamchatka, Russia on December 9, 2020. After four years of quiet, a brief, weak explosion produced a [2-3-km-high] ash cloud on 28 September at 0510. Hector’s case is based on what it could do in the far future, but that might be half a million years from now. Sources: Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA); Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC). 2009: March Sulfur dioxide emissions decreased in January and the rate of deformation decreased in February. Source: Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), Eruption and ash plumes begin on 11 January 2020 and continue through April 2020. The island of the same name is home to ~ 140 residents and lies ~ 130 km S of the city of Kagoshima (Kyushu Island, Japan). An eruption at Kuchinoerabujima began at 1505 on 11 January and produced ash plumes that rose 2 km above the crater rim, drifted E, and then faded into a weather cloud. The next day, they climbed to the new fissure, which was 0.6-6.0 m wide and 750 m long, trending N-S near Shin-dake crater (figure 1), active in historic time. In addition, both the number of volcanic earthquakes (generally occurring in a large quantity) and sulfur dioxide flux remained above baselines levels in August 2014. Residents of the neighborhood were evacuated to Banyagamine hill about two kilometers from the village. Steam plumes were observed rising to 600 m above the crater in May. | June Information Contacts: Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), Otemachi, 1-3-4, Chiyoda-ku Tokyo 100-8122, Japan (URL: http://www.jma.go.jp/), Increased seismicity, 11 December 2011-5 January 2012. JMA reported that during 20-26 August there were few episodes of volcanic tremor and volcanic earthquakes, with no explosions at Kuchinoerabujima. 2014: July A pyroclastic flow traveled about 900 m SW, the first one recorded since 29 January 2019. For the rest of August, seismicity remained low and steam plumes rose 50 to 800 m above the crater. Emissions of SO2 remained below 300 t/d for the remainder of 2015 and no further activity was reported, although the Alert Level remained at 5. There is no Deformation History data available for Kuchinoerabujima. JMA reported that during 31 October-5 November there were very small events recorded at Kuchinoerabujima’s Shindake Crater. JMA reported that during 31 October-5 November 2018, very small events released plumes that rose 500-1,200 m above the crater rim. The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) reported an increase in seismic activity on Kuchinoerabu-jima since July 1999 based on data from Sakura-jima Volcano Observatory (SVO), Kyoto University. EMSC is reporting M6.2 at a depth of 71 km (44 miles). The volume of ejecta was estimated at about 105 m3. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales. Low-level seismicity continued and tremor was absent. | April Eruption of Kuchinoerabujima volcano – 17.01.2019. Seismicity has been increasing since January 1996 (BGVN 21:04, 21:05, and 21:07). Later that day ash plumes rose 200 m and drifted SW. Scientists conducted an overflight and confirmed pyroclastic flow deposits on the NW and NE flanks. This report describes events through February 2019. | November The only recent English-translated JMA report on Kuchinoerabu-jima available online through December 2012 was in January 2012. Eruption and ash plumes begin on 11 January 2020 and continue through April 2020. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. SO2 emissions remained high in March (1,000 to 3,700 t/d) and April (900 to 2,600 t/d), and steam plumes rose to 1 km above the crater. 08:53 AM | BY: MARTIN. Low-level seismicity continued and tremor was absent. One such episode, beginning in early September 2008, prompted two increases in the hazard status by late October when the seismicity was accompanied by inflation and increased fumarolic activity near the summit (BGVN 33:09). Ash explosions up to 7 km (23 000 feet) above sea level began at about 20:45 UTC, drifting northwest of the volcano, KVERT reports. On 20 January 2012, the Alert Level was lowered from 2 to 1; JMA noted that the possibility of an eruption was minimal. Kuchinoerabujima encompasses a group of young stratovolcanoes located in the northern Ryukyu Islands. The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. 2019: January Increased seismicity, but no change at the fumaroles. 口永良部島の噴火の瞬間の動画です。気象庁の高感度カメラには、噴火の様子が写っています。#鹿児島 #口永良部島 pic.twitter.com/rFmKe2U0Cr. Ash was reported in Yakushima Town (44 km ESE on Yakushima Island), Nishinoomote City (80 km NE on Tanegashima Island), and Nakatane Town (72 km E on Tanegashima). Egg-sized volcanic ejecta fell, and ash 2 cm deep was measured in a village 3 km from the crater. Views of the volcano remained obscured by clouds other days, but instruments recorded volcanic seismicity and volcanic tremor. As a result, a pyroclastic flow formed, traveling 900-1,500 m SW. 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