[1] Storms were named Allison, Erin, Felix, Gabrielle, Hugo, Iris, Jerry, and Karen for the first (and only, in the case of Hugo) time in 1989. [13][14] Around 1200 UTC, Cosme strengthened into a Category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. However, on the following day, a reconnaissance aircraft did not indicate a low-level circulation. [82][83] However, during October 16, all of the deep convection associated with 23E dissipated, before the National Hurricane Center issued its final advisory during the next day. In the Atlantic, a tropical wave spawned Tropical Depression Six. Allison, 2001. 1989: Igor 2010: Ike 2008 ... Hurricane Names Post your best Hurricane Names . The 1985 Atlantic hurricane season had 6 U.S. landfalling hurricanes, tied with 1886 and 2020 for the highest number on record. The remains of Ismael, which was only a swirl of clouds, dissipated near Hawaii. Examples: Hugo 1989 and Donna 1960 After intensifying slightly further, it made landfall near High Island, Texas later that day. Below is an alphabetical list of retired Atlantic hurricane names followed by the year the name was retired: Agnes, 1972. [33] Shortly thereafter the upgraded, convection began to diminish. The Hurricane,, National Hurricane Center, 2015 classifies tropical cyclones based on the maximum sustained wind speed: tropical depression (less than 39 mph), tropical storm (39–73 mph), hurricane (more than 73 mph), and major hurricane (more than 110 mph). Hurricane Season:1989 Individual hurricane/tropical storm summary. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but were still related to that storm. Tracking towards the west, the circulation briefly dissipated on May 30, before redeveloping the following day into Tropical Depression One-E.[6] A ridge of high pressure north of the system steered it towards the west-northwest. This season is also known as "Cape Verde Hurricane Year" because there were 8 Cape Verde-type storms, with 5 (Gabrielle, Iris, Jerry, Karen and Marilyn) being major hurricanes. Overall, the storms of the season collectively caused 136 fatalities and at least $10.2 billion in damage. More than 6,200 homes received water damage, forcing hundreds of residents to evacuate and stranding thousands of other people. [13], Cosme brought heavy rains, which killed at least 30 people due to drowning. [36], The outer bands of Gil produced significant amounts of rainfall over coastal areas of Mexico, with satellites estimating areas of rainfall in excess of 5 in (130 mm). Initially, there was some uncertain in the storms future path, and there was a possibility of the system recurving towards the coast. [46] However, Ismael managed reached Category 3 status. Since no names were retired, no new names were replaced for the 1995 season. After peaking with sustained winds of 145 mph (230 km/h), Gabrielle slowly curved nearly due north. Early that day, the system was upgraded to a tropical depression. In Mississippi, the storm caused $60 million in losses and five drowning deaths. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. Although it rapidly became extratropical over land, the remnants of Allison meandered over the Southern United States and reached as far north as Indiana. Hurricane Hugo was a powerful Category 5 hurricane that struck Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, St. Croix, South Carolina and North Carolina in September of the 1989 Atlantic hurricane season, killing 82 people and leaving 100,000 homeless.At the time, Hurricane Hugo left the most damage for a hurricane in the Atlantic Ocean, although other storms have since caused more destruction. Initially, the system was hampered by wind shear as it moved west-northwestward to the south of Hawaii; however, by January 11, the system was able to maintain convection over its center and was classified as a tropical depression. Between August 27 and August 29, Felix drifted north-northwestward in response to a persistent upper-level trough. Deep convection associated with the system indicated that intensification into a tropical storm was possible. Operationally, this system was not classified a tropical storm until January 16, thus it was not warned upon by the Central Pacific Hurricane Center during its early stages. A trough over Mexico destroyed the ridge that was steering Raymond and recurved the cyclone to the northeast. And we only counted retired hurricane names, the storms that the World Meteorological Organization deemed so disastrous that the names should never be used again. In other words, one list is repeated every sixth year. Lorena and a weakening Kiko started a Fujiwhara interaction. [66] Moving northwestward, it was named Priscilla the next day. As such, it was forecasted to reach a peak intensity of 70 mph (110 km/h) to be named "Sonia". The remnants turned south and then west-northwest after reaching Mississippi, before finally dissipating over Arkansas on July 7. On September 24, Tropical Depression Twenty-E formed southwest of Guatemala. [52] Juliette never impacted land. Strong wind shear prevented significant intensification beyond minimal tropical storm strength, with winds peaking at 50 mph (75 km/h). The storm weakened to a Category 2 hurricane on September 18, after re-emerging into the Atlantic. [45] In South Carolina alone, the Red Cross estimates that 3,307 single family homes were destroyed, 18,171 were inflicted major damage, and 56,580 sustained minor impact. On August 21, Ismael passed over cooler waters. Notable storms include Hurricanes Cosme, Kiko, and Raymond. [43], The storm caused significant damage in Guadeloupe due to winds of 140 mph (230 km/h). These 21 names will be assigned to any tropical storms that develop in the Atlantic Ocean in 2019. [84], On October 18, the NHC began issuing advisories on Tropical Depression Twenty Four-E. Later that day, Felix peaked with winds of 85 mph (140 km/h). A normal season as defined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), has eleven named storms, of which six reach hurricane strength and two of those become major hurricanes. Longest lived tropical cyclone: Hurricane John, 31 days, 1994.. [32] Furthermore, waves at 26 ft (7.92 m) were reported on Sable Island. The low persisted for a few more days until completely dissipating.[50]. [6] Shortly after peaking, cool, dry air became entrained in the circulation, preventing further intensification. Hugo became a hurricane by September 13. Several tornadoes were spawned in the state, the worst occurred in Ouachita Parish. The most concentrated area soon separated for the trough and by July 19, satellite imagery indicated an area of deep convection that was located nearly 1,237 mi (1,991 km) away from Mexico. During the second week of January, an upper-level trough located east of Hawaii created an area of divergence to its southeast, allowing an area of low pressure to develop alongside deep convection. Erick soon moved into cooler waters. [63], While Octave had no significant effects on land as a hurricane, its remnants did move into California. [35], A tropical wave was observed over northwestern Africa on August 24. The use of easily remembered names greatly reduces confusionwhen two or moretropical storms occur at the same time. As Hurricane Florence barrels towards the U.S., many have asked about why hurricanes and tropical storms have names in the first place. [20], A tropical wave emerged into the Atlantic Ocean from the west coast of Africa on September 23. Manuel approached to within 578 mi (930 km) of Lorena. Upon becoming a tropical cyclone, the cyclone was located in a favorable environment. Tropical Storm Barry, Tropical Depressions Six, Nine, and Thirteen, and Hurricanes Erin and Felix caused negligible impact. Prior to the 1950s, meteorologists kept track of hurricanes and tropical storms by the year and the storms’ order for that year. Hugo was further downgraded to a Category 3 hurricane, before landfall on eastern Puerto Rico. [17] On July 10, the depression quickly became disorganized, with only a small area of convection around the center remaining by midday. Wind shear at this time also began to increase, displacing all convection associated with the storm to the northeast of the center. Jerry rapidly weakened after moving inland, and dissipated by October 16. [54] The depression continued weakening and dissipated on October 5. The fast rate of strengthening continued until August 27, at which time Kiko peaked in intensity as a strong Category 3 hurricane with winds of 120 mph (195 km/h) and a minimum pressure of 955 mbar (hPa; 28.2 inHg). As a tropical depression, Winona brought heavy rains to portions of Hawaii, triggering flash flooding on a few islands. [76] Flash flooding triggered by Raymond caused an estimated $1.5 million (1989 USD, $3.09 million 2020 USD) in damages in Arizona.[73]. It slowly intensified and reached its peak intensity of 50 mph (85 km/h) the next day. The cyclone dissipated on August 5. This hurricane is also called San Felipe II Hurricane in Puerto Rico, after Hurricane San Felipe which struck the island on the same day in the year 1876. The most active period for hurricane strikes during a given third of any month has occurred in the last third of August. [4], The Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 1989. [90] Names that were not assigned are marked in gray. At this time, three systems were active and in close proximity. Finally, one tropical cyclone developed in November; it eventually became Tropical Storm Karen and lasted until December 4. Giving people's names to severe storms apparently began in Australia in the 19 th century, when Clement L. Wragge gave Biblical names to eastern Pacific hurricanes.During World War II, U.S. Army meteorologists are said to have begun using women's names for hurricanes, but we have not been able to find these names. [21], On July 9, a defined low pressure system formed south of Baja California and increased convective activity led to the NHC classifying it Tropical Depression Six-E on July 11. It was replaced in the 1995 season by Humberto.[66]. The new center, which was still a tropical storm, drifted northwest. For Atlantic hurricanes, there is a list of names for each of six years. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical, a wave, or a low, and all the damage figures are in 1989 USD. Despite strong wind shear caused by Ismael, the depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Juliette on August 22 as a strong burst of convection occurred. By June 20, the former hurricane was further downgraded to a tropical depression. Had a tropical storm formed in the Central Pacific during 1989, it would have received the name Aka. The names used each year for the storms in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean come from six lists of 21 names, established by the World Meteorological Society, that rotate in a cycle in a system that dates back to the 1950s, though the naming convention has evolved over time. [80] Shortly thereafter, the system became less organized;[81] it dissipated again the next day. This is the same list that was utilized in the 1975 season, with the exception of Enobaria, which replaced Eloise.Storms were named Enobaria, Ingrid, Julia, and Kitty for the first (and only, in the case of Enobaria) time this year. Hurricane Dean also caused light damage in Bermuda and the Canadian province of Newfoundland. [23] On July 11, the low-level center became displaced form the deep convection. The highest rainfall recorded in relation to Cosme was 16.1 in (410 mm) in Yautepec San Bartolo, Mexico. [60] Despite the issuance of a hurricane warning just eight hours prior to landfall, Jerry caused only three fatalities in Texas, possibly due to the storm's small size; a car fell over the Galveston Seawall, killing its three occupants. The NHC issued their final advisory on the system early on June 21; however, the remnants of the storm persisted until June 27. Cosme crossed over Mexico and killed 30 people. According to insurance claims, the storm damaged 648 buildings, 72 boats, 36 vehicles, and one pier. A list of Atlantic hurricane names is already available for the coming years. There are six alphabetical lists of names for hurricanes in the Atlantic, and six for hurricanes in the eastern north Pacific. The remnants of the hurricane passed near Hawaii, but did not pose a threat. Later that month, another tropical depression developed, and intensified, eventually becoming Tropical Storm Allison. Eleven depressions attained tropical storm status, and seven of these attained hurricane status. These factors led to the storm weakening below hurricane intensity by 0000 UTC on June 19. [60] In West Virginia, overflowing rivers in the western portions of the state forced hundreds to evacuate. The depression moved northwestward then northeastward, intensifying into Tropical Storm Karen on November 30, while located southwest of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba. Northern Mexico's mountains disrupted Raymond's circulation, and dissipated over New Mexico on October 5 after passing over that state and Arizona as a depression. [21] Although the depression was predicted to intensify to near hurricane status by October 5,[53] a mid-latitude trough increased wind shear, inducing weakening. When a really great athlete decides to leave sports, his jersey or number is often retired. Slight weakening occurred before the storm made landfall near Punta Arena, Mexico,[54] becoming one of the strongest storms to make landfall in Mexico since reliable records began in 1949. The depression strengthened and was upgraded to Tropical Storm Barry on July 11. For that reason, the World Meteorological Organization develops a list of names that are assigned in alphabetical order to tropical storms as they are discovered in each hurricane season. The strongest storm on the list was Hurricane Isabel in 2003, a category 5 hurricane with minimum pressure of 915 millibar (mbar). In Nova Scotia, waves reached a height of 30 ft (9 m). [24] As a result, more than 1,200 structures in Louisiana were flooded and over 430,000 acres of crops were ruined, mostly soybeans and cotton. Within 12 hours of reaching tropical storm intensity, Karen peaked with maximum sustained winds of 60 mph (95 km/h). The cyclone turned northwestward, and strengthened into Tropical Storm Octave on September 10. Flossie originated from a tropical wave that entered the Pacific Ocean on July 20. Retired Hurricane Names Since 1954. Upon becoming a tropical cyclone, only slight intensification was anticipated. Storm names. [34] It strengthened into Tropical Storm Flossie the next day. The following table lists all of the storms that have formed in the 1989 Atlantic hurricane season. [44], On August 12, a tropical wave formed in the Pacific Ocean. [37], The tenth tropical depression of the season developed from a tropical wave on August 30. [8], A tropical wave emerged into the Atlantic Ocean from the west coast of Africa on July 7. Mexican officials estimated damages at $250,000 (1989 USD, $516 thousand 2020 USD). [13] Late on June 21, the center of the hurricane made landfall on the Mexican coast, just east of Acapulco with winds of 80 mph (130 km/h). An area of thunderstorms organized into a tropical depression on August 28. The convection later redeveloped, and the system became a tropical depression early on August 18, while located just southeast of Cape Verde. Initially, Narda managed to produce brief burst of convection. When a hurricane causes substantial damage and loss of life, its name is retired from the rotating hurricane name list. [70] However, no impact was reported from the tropical cyclone. A ship nearby the system reported sustained winds of 40 mph (65 km/h); however, the winds were not considered to be representative of the actual intensity of the depression. Winnie would later trade years with Wallis in future seasons. [25] Three deaths occurred in Texas, all of which were teenage boys that drowned. As a personal name enthusiast I’ve always wondered this myself, so I did a little research over at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Center. Around that time, a building ridge in the Gulf of Mexico forced the storm southeastward. The storm then began to weaken and degenerated into a tropical storm on August 27. Crop losses were extreme, with the storm wiping out 100% of the banana crop, 50% of the sugar cane crop, and nearly all coconut crops. In Antigua, one person was killed and 30% of the homes damaged. [71] Moving very little, the winds soon diminished. Raymond made landfall as a tropical storm on October 4. The wave continued drifting westward, and entered the Pacific Ocean on the September 2. Damage from erosion and crop losses in St. Kitts reached $43 million and one fatality was reported. This season is also known as "Cape Verde Hurricane Year" because there were 8 Cape Verde-type storms, with 5 (Gabrielle, Iris, Jerry, Karen and Marilyn) being major hurricanes. The National Hurricane Center's Tropical Cyclone Reports contain comprehensive information on each tropical cyclone, including synoptic history, meteorological statistics, casualties and damages, and the post-analysis best track (six-hourly positions and intensities). Southwesterly winds sheared away much of the deep convection, causing Felix to weaken back to a tropical depression on August 29. The name lists repeat every six year and the only way the names are changed is if a name is retired. Two tropical cyclones also developed in October, and the latter one in that month eventually became Hurricane Jerry. Hurricane Kiko made landfall on the Gulf of California side of the Baja California Peninsula. The wave eventually split in two, with the southern part eventually becoming Hurricane Lorena in the eastern Pacific Ocean. On July 30, the disturbance redeveloped a circulation and then convection. Tropical Storm Karen, the final storm of the season, brought heavy rainfall and a tornado to Cuba, before dissipating on December 4. The following day, the remnants of Kiko were absorbed by the nearby Hurricane Lorena. 1989 Hurricane Season - back to view information on this year's hurricane season. [10], On June 18 a tropical disturbance formed several hundred miles off the coast of Mexico. Strongest tropical cyclone: Typhoon Tip in the Northwest Pacific Ocean on 12 October 1979 was measured to have a central pressure of 870 mb and estimated surface sustained winds of 85 m/s (165 kt, 190 mph). [39] Gil was a hurricane for only about 30 hours,[36] and it began to encounter dry air. The fast-moving tropical depression dissipated two days later. [9] On June 4, strong wind shear displaced convection associated with the storm to the west of the center of circulation; this resulted in Adolph weakening to a tropical depression by 1800 UTC that day, and Adolph persisted until June 5 at which time it dissipated. Similar impact occurred in Virginia, with $3.4 million in damage in Buchanan County. [46] Additionally, 28,000 people were left homeless, 12 deaths were reported, and losses exceeded $1 billion. [20] The depression never threatened land. The upper-level environment rapidly changed, and the cyclones convection became disorganized. [45] Extreme damage also occurred at Ceiba, Culebra, Fajardo, and Luquillo. [42] Initially, this system was slow to intensify. On October 3, a tropical depression formed 475 mi (764 km) south of Mexico from an area of disturbed weather that had become better organized. However, an upper-level low increased wind shear on the system. After strengthening into a hurricane the next day, Octave started deepening. The depression dissipated on September 27. Ten people were killed on Montserrat, while 89 others were injured. It includes their duration, names, landfall(s), denoted in parentheses, damages, and death totals. The 1989 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 1989, and lasted until November 30, 1989.However storms can form outside these dates. [57] Minor wind and coastal flood damage was reported in Louisiana. Current List of Retired Atlantic Hurricane Names. Moving inland, Allison rapidly weakened over eastern Texas, and transitioned into an extratropical storm on June 28. Gabrielle moved generally westward, but curved slightly west-northwestward after intensifying into a hurricane on September 1. Includes all information for a 1989 in the East-Central Pacific including hurricane and tropical storm names and information, with links to the hurricane … Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons: This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 03:29. After becoming a tropical storm, the system brushed Wake Island, bringing gusty winds and moderate rainfall. A surge in convection in the monsoon trough caused by nearby Hurricane Ismael interacted with a tropical wave to form the thirteenth tropical depression of the season on August 21. Four hurricanes reached major hurricane status (Category 3 or higher) on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. ... they have created a list of male and female names that are used on a six-year rotation. This is a table of all the storms that have formed in the 1989 Pacific hurricane season. [74] The remnants of the storm tracked into the Southwest United States and further into the Central United States before dissipating. Minor damage resulted from Winona but there was no loss of life. The changed spelling has remained in use since 1995. Pacific records. Names for the basin are taken off a single list due to the low frequency of storms in the area. The depression initially headed west-northwestward and strengthened into Tropical Storm Felix later that day. Shortly thereafter, Erin transitioned into an extratropical cyclone over the far northern Atlantic. Summary. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but were still related to that storm. The southern part crossed Central America and emerged into the Pacific Ocean. The names not retired from this list were used again in the 1995 season. [59] Many homes, businesses, and buildings were inflicted damage because of strong winds and three tornadoes spawned by the storm. 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