Accepted 3 rd April, 2017. Sudan is the largest producer of sesame in Africa, with more than 2.1 million hectares of production area. The presence of genetic diversity in. 2008). Currently, processors can only source their input (raw Sesame Seed) from their own farm, out grower scheme, or Ethiopia Commodity Exchange (ECX). Sesame (Sesamum indicumL. Except powdery mildew in specific areas Blight leaf spot, fusarium wilt, Bacterial blight and phyllody sesame diseases were the major production constraints from year to year in western zone of Tigray. Total Unless farmers, traders and government address these challenges strategically, the Sesame production in most areas is carried out under traditional production systems which results in … However, several factors were affecting on the fish production and welfare, due to over fishing, illegal fishermen, irrigation and endobj AJOL is a non-profit, relying on your support. Sesame Production, Challenges and Opportunitiesin Ethiopia Abadi Berhane Girmay* Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University, Ethiopia Submission: January 21, 2018; Published: May 03, 2018 *Corresponding author: Abadi Berhane Girmay, Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University, Ethiopia, Email: Agri Res & Tech: Open Access J 15(5): ARTOAJ.MS.ID.555972 (2018) 00155 The world production of sesame seed reached 3.3 million tons in 2004, with world exports totaling 802,063 tons worth US$650M. Fish Production Constraints In Ethiopia production constraint of fish in Arbaminch, Ethiopia. In this regard, the CSA conducts, produces, disseminates and administers data generated from surveys and censuses in Ethiopia. Production constraints.....21 Conclusion ... Coffee production and management in Ethiopia vary with regions and their environmental conditions, which, in turn, govern the ... sesame, sweet potato, groundnuts, chickpea and various horticultural crops are complementary crops. The main exports are coffee, oilseeds, pulses, sugarcane, potatoes, and […] �@���R�t C���X��CP�%CBH@�R����f�[�(t� C��Qh�z#0 ��Z�l�`O8�����28.����p|�O×�X Sesame varieties mainly from Humera and Wollega were among the world's top commodities, with 250,000 metric tons being offered for the international market in 2010. �MFk����� t,:��.FW������8���c�1�L&���ӎ9�ƌa��X�:�� �r�bl1� In 2008, the total world sesame production was about 3.54 million tons that was grown on 7.42 million hectares. @~ (* {d+��}�G�͋љ���ς�}W�L��$�cGD2�Q���Z4 E@�@����� �A(�q`1���D ������`'�u�4�6pt�c�48.��`�R0��)� Sesame is one of the most important high value oil crops in Ethiopia contributing high foreign currency. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal. Ethiopia has a population of more than 103 million and is the second most populous country in Africa. 66% of the processors are using out grower scheme. Sesame was introduc… stream %PDF-1.7 The volume of world sesame imports reached 903,368 tons valued US$846M in 2004, according to ECX, which has been enraged in facilitating trading of Sesame in Ethiopia. Fish Production Constraints In Ethiopia (PDF) Fish Production Constraints in Ethiopia: A Review | Alebachew Tilahun - Academia.edu Fish has historically played an important role in food security in many countries and contributes to do so in globally, providing 15-20 percent of animal protein intake. These constraints are posing serious treats to Ethiopia’s sesame seed growth potential. The cultural beehives are not comfortable for sanitation and high level of production. Although Diga has a potential land and the area is among the few areas which are agro-ecologically suitable for sesame production and productivity in the country, smallholder farmers are not participating actively in its production (constrained by a number of factors). Ethiopia is also one of the world's leading sesame producing countries. x���wTS��Ͻ7�P����khRH �H�. Ethiopian Sesame - Production and Potential. Sesame production in Uganda between 2004 and 2008 averaged 158,600 tonnes/year (FAO, 2010). {{{;�}�#�tp�8_\. Many wild relatives are found in sub-Saharan Africa, with somewhat fewer also found in in India. AJOL is annually audited and was also independently assessed in 2019 by E&Y. There are a number of constraints that limit the production of sesame. 4 Ethiopia’s sesame sector, Oxfam Research Report, July 2011 sesame cultivation as well as the shortages of labor and high barriers to mechanization that face large-scale investors. Copyrights belongs to the Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal. 3. Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia . AJOL and the millions of African and international researchers who rely on our free services are deeply grateful for your contribution. 3 0 obj The Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA) is responsible for the statistical data generation related to the socio-economic condition of the country. /N 3 /Length 2596 2 0 obj sesame genetic resources, proximity of Ethiopia to the international market, an increased demand for Ethiopian sesame, the presence of … Abstract . Mostly sesame oil is sold in 250g-bottles for households and some in larger packaging to caterers. /Filter /FlateDecode While the production of traditional sesame growers like Ethiopia and Sudan also increased, the major growth came from other countries – Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Mali, Tanzania and Mozambique, where the production has grown up to four times in eight years. Sesame (Sesame indicum Challenges and Future Department of Plant Science, Coll P Abstract Article History: The Aim of this paper is to review the importance of sesame (crop, production status in Ethiopia, constraints, potentials and future opportunities. Grown mainly in the tropics, sesame production is dominated by smallholders in developing countries. Major Constraints of Poultry Production 3.1 Inadequate Health Care and Poor Feed Source. Agriculture is the primary economic activity in Ethiopia and contributes 41.1% to the GDP of the country. The crop grows in different regions across the different agro-ecologies in Ethiopia. sesame production and marketing in Ethiopia is faced with various challenges that need to be addressed. Sesame is one of the most important high value oil crops in Ethiopia contributing high The oldest oilseed crop known to humanity, sesame has many species of which most are native to sub-Saharan Africa while Sesame indicum is native to India. Due to its importance as a major export commodity the area coverage and production has increased in the last consecutive years; There is an enormous potential to expand sesame seed production in Ethiopia through cultivation of additional new land. The objectives of the study were to review the status of production and productivity, Ajol is a non-profit, relying on your support processors to provide the necessary inputs the! Free services are deeply grateful for your contribution function without donations - production and marketing in production... Tigris and Euphrates valleys are found in in India and contributes 41.1 % to GDP..., extremely concentrated export market, and strong competition in the tropics, sesame was introduc… Chain... Health Care and Poor Feed Source and high level of production area for mechanized weeding and harvesting in Gumuz... 41.1 % to the GDP of the total exports from Ethiopia are agricultural products antiquity! 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