Weights of Yarn Categories for the US and Equivalents for the UK, AUS/NZ. Hello, beautiful soul! Worsted weight yarn refers to a medium weight yarn, which is heavier than DK yarn also known as double knitting yarn, sport weight yarn, baby weight yarn and fingering weight yarn. What exactly does DK mean, after all? Both methods of describing the weight of the yarn have their individual quirks. Common Yarn Weights; Yarn Weight Number ID and Symbol US Needle Size Knitting Stitches Per Inch, in Stockinette Stitch Common Uses; Lace: 000–1: 8–10: Lace knitting: Super fine, fingering, or baby-weight: 1–3: 7–8: Light layettes, socks: Fine or sport-weight: 3–6: 5–6: Light sweaters, baby things, accessories: Light worsted or DK (double-knitting) 5–7: 5–5 1/2 Knitting yarn weight determines how many stitches it takes to knit 10cms (this is called a tension square). The thickness of your yarn (among other factors) has a huge impact on the look of your knitted or crocheted fabric — and certainly the amount of time it takes to complete it. If you’re new to the yarn world, I know different yarn weights (thicknesses) can be confusing. If the plies are thin, a 4-ply yarn can be finer than a heavy, single-ply yarn. Sweaters and other garments, lightweight scarves, Sweaters, blankets, outdoor wear (hats, scarves, mittens, and. In relation to yarn, this could imply that it is a more fine weight of a yarn. Lace weight yarn has several important properties that affect every purchaser of yarn. The term ‘yarn weight’ refers to the thickness of the thread, not the weight of the ball or even of the thread itself. Learn how to figure out yarn weight at home! If you know a little bit about yarn weights (which you will when you consult the chart below), you'll know that the yarn in question is sport weight. All you wanted to know about yarn weight, this is the beginning of my Back to Crochet Basics Series!!! It is important to know what fibers the yarn is made from so you know how to treat it for your projects. There are six different categories of yarn weights, and according to the Craft Yarn Council, specific weights of yarn should produce a somewhat predictable number of stitches when using a particular-sized needle. Many, many knitting patterns call for medium weight yarn. Finally, the price of yarn is an important property that affects whether or not you buy it. It affects gauge (or tension as some of us like to say) Yarn weight can help you determine how much yarn you need for a project. Craft Yarn Council 3740 N. Josey Lane, Suite 126 Carrollton, TX 75007 Tel: 972-325-7232 Fax: 972-215-7333 E-mail us. In our example here a single yard of that thick, puffy yarn will weigh 0.87 grams. Yarn Weight Symbols. The Standard Yarn Weight System classifies yarn on a scale from 0 to 7, where 0 is very thin while 7 is very thick. It can help you determine the hook size you’ll need, and your stitch gauge. Yarn is typically described as knitting yarn or it is described in weights that are commonly associated with weaving. Besides the numbering system, the CYC also gives guidelines for gauge and hook/needle sizes for super bulky weight yarn. The most important thing in identifying a yarn thickness is the needle size you’ll be using. Get DIY project ideas and easy-to-follow crafts to help you spruce up your space. Yarn weights explained. You also can search for specific brand yarn weights online—most manufacturers provide this information. Yarn Weight Chart. CATEGORIES 1, 2, AND 3: SUPER FINE, FINE, AND LIGHT (APPROXIMATE EQUIVALENT OF 2 TO 5 PLY) This is suited for small items like socks, gloves, hats, or garments for babies and children. Medium weight yarn is also known as "worsted." Have a look on the ball band (or our yarn information box) for information on the number of stitches and the number of rows that a particular knitting yarn weight will need to … The Yarn Weights Explained 0 Lace: Yarn Types. Many of the mass-produced yarns use the yarn standards ranking system and will have the number and weight printed right on the label. Go to Top . The thickness of a given yarn is determined by the individual thickness of the plies, not by the number of plies. And why does nobody say ‘worsted’ in the UK? It's a range, from super fine to super bulky. *** Steel crochet hooks are sized differently from regular hooks—the higher the number, the smaller the hook, which is the reverse of regular hook sizing . View Larger Image. Most people stick to the exact type (and even the color) of yarn suggested in the pattern, but it's handy to know how to adjust knitting instructions if you're drawn to a different type of yarn. If you're still having trouble figuring out a yarn weight, the clerks at your craft store should be able to answer any questions you have. Although bulky can be great for beginners as well because you … The ‘heavier’ a yarn is, the thicker it gets. Yarn weight determines how many stitches it takes to knit 1 inch. When you go into a yarn shop or crafts store, it's easy to be overwhelmed by all the choices and not know which yarn is right for your project. This is where knitting gets fun. Although there are no official categories for yarn weights, many knitting books and yarn manufacturers use common terms to indicate a yarn’s thickness and the size of the needle with which you work on the yarn. Lace, fingering, sport, worsted, heavy worsted, chunky and super-chunky are the seven yarn weights recognized worldwide. Yarns come in many different thicknesses, and these yarn weights go by many different names! One of the most important things to understand about yarn is that they come in different weight categories. More specifically, the six types of yarn weight are: super bulky, bulky, medium, light, fine, and super fine, with super fine obviously being the most delicate and expensive type, since it has about 30 stitches for every 4 inches. Different Yarn Weights Explained for Beginners. This size is easy to work with, quite common, and frequently used in patterns for a wide variety of items. She is the author of three books and over 300 articles about knitting on The Spruce Crafts. The Craft Yarn Council of America has developed a system that seeks to standardize the labeled weights of yarn. Therefore, treat it gently to avoid tangling or breakage. Especially if you fancy swapping out the yarn in your pattern for a yummier one. Most yarn manufacturers make it easy for you to determine the weight of a particular yarn. The difference between 12 stitches per 4 inches and 15 stitches is still pretty significant when you're trying to make a sweater fit. This yarn is chosen to strengthen and add a more rigid structure to the item. A Simple Guide to Yarn Weights. Using a smaller hook will usually give your project a stiffer feel, whereas using a larger hook will give more drape and movement. If you experience problems, visit our Troubleshooting page. For beginners, I always suggest using medium weight yarn because it is the easiest to work with and is the most common. Buying yarn can be a tangly business. Knitting yarns have several methods of describing the weight of the yarn. Along with weight, yarn labels will also give a recommended hook size to use with the yarn. Welcome! So, yarn weight is an important ingredient in knitting, but why? This yarn weight is popular among knitters of all skill levels. A thicker project needs heavy-weight yarns like Double Knit, Aran, and Chunky. It is, of course, essential that you knit up a gauge swatch before you start work on a project that involves sizing because not all yarns of a certain weight are exactly the same. The Yarn Weight Chart below gives a handy comparison of different knitting and crochet yarns along with needle and hook sizes, approximate meterage to the 100g and WPI, using UK, US, German and Australian terminology.. Yarn weight is important in achieving the correct gauge or tension for a particular project and can help with yarn substitution. Yarn … It's a range, from super fine to super bulky. A single yard of the sock yarn will weigh 0.25 grams. We’re not talking about how much the yarn weighs on a scale; we’re talking about how thick the strand is. Don’t worry about figuring that out. Next, the yardage is important because that affects the project size. Fiber Hound's Italian Greyhound is the thinnest of the three fingering weight yarns at 20 WPI, Dachshund is 18 WPI, and the luscious Borzoi is 16 WPI. The higher the number, the heavier the yarn and the fewer stitches per inch you will get but ply doesn't always correlate to the weight of a particular yarn. Knowing yarn weights does it easier to switch out the yarn suggested in a pattern. Jumbo weight yarn is what the CYC considers a 7. Most yarns state their weight on the ball band but some may not, only giving the composition. As different fibres have different densities, a metre of a fluffy aran wool may weigh less than a metre of 4ply cotton, even though the aran is the ‘heavier’ yarn. Thread: Lace yarn includes 10-COUNT crochet thread. Worsted (/ ˈ w ɜːr s t ɪ d / or / ˈ w ʊ s t ɪ d /) is a high-quality type of wool yarn, the fabric made from this yarn, and a yarn weight category. Yarn weight; As explained earlier, every yarn has its weight. Yarn Weights Charts - A Helpful Explanation. Worsted, afghan, and aran weight yarns all fall under the same category, while fingering weight and sock weight yarns are one and the same. Lightweight and thin projects need yarns that are also thin and lightweight. Weaving yarn weights explained The yarn you buy has a certain thickness, also referred to as the weight of the yarn. Specifically, fi… It is based on a number system that starts from 0, the thinnest, and goes up to 7, the thickest. Lace. Sarah is a freelance writer, editor, and crafter. Yarn weight is an old term and it meant the weight of a single yard (or meter) of that particular yarn. If you knit chunky stitches in a traditional Aran yarn of this weight, the warmth of the fiber can be enhanced. Knowing which yarn weight to use for your project is important. You may use the Fingering yarn or Sport weight yarns. It is lighter than bulky yarn, super bulky and chunky yarn. Cast on and off loosely. Yarn weight may differ slightly between brands, but this difference is slight as yarns sold today are made in seven standard thicknesses. What does ‘yarn weight’ mean? Enjoy and Happy Crochet. The yarn thickness determines the final look and dimensions of the knitted project. Sport. Worsted weight yarn provides excellent stitch definition in everything from hats, scarves, mittens, and sweaters. When we talked about stitch gauge, we determined how important the weight of the yarn and the size of the hook is to determining how true-to-size your project will turn out. Yarn weight basically refers to the thickness of the thread. Discovered some unidentified yarn in your stash? Yarn weight refers to the thickness of various yarns. Fingering or Cobweb Lace: This is not the same weight as 1 Super Fine. Projects: Used to make lace, doilies, shawls, and other delicate items. The lighter yarns are finer or thinner. Most commonly referred to as worsted or medium weight, it is also referred to as Aran or Afghan yarn. Yarn weight is important in achieving the correct gauge or tension for a particular project and can help with yarn substitution. The … Yarn weight refers to the thickness of the yarn. It is always important to check the right yarn weights before embarking on a knitting project. Yarns that are produced for weaving are typically labeled with two numbers in what is often referred to as the “count system.” For example, you might see 8/2 cotton yarn, 20/2 linen yarn, or 6/3 wool yarn. Understanding yarn weight can be a powerful arsenal in your crochet knowledge toolbox. ** Lace weight yarns are usually knitted or crocheted on larger needles and hooks to create lacy, openwork patterns. The second number (or the small number) indicates the number of plies of a yarn; a singles yarn is designated with a 1, a two-ply with a 2. Yarn weight refers to the thickness of the yarn. Weaving yarn sizes and their naming system can seem like gibberish when you’re starting out, but it’s good to have basic understanding of yarn sizes so you’ll know if the yarn you are choosing will have the appropriate epi or sett for your project. Bluetick Coonhound is 14 WPI. The Craft Yarn Council (CYC) created a standard yarn weight system for the US. Illustration: The Spruce / Jo Zixuan Zhou. Accordingly, a gauge range is difficult to determine. Knitting and crochet yarns come in different weights, or thicknesses. The first is a a name that describes the weight of the yarn. First there is the fiber content. The thinnest yarn strand would be Lace (0) and the thickest would be Jumbo (7). In the simplest terms, yarn weight refers to the thickness of the yarn. You can go generally go up and down a hook size and still get a similar result. If you know that every bulky yarn is going to give you around the same number of stitches (in this case, 12 to 15 stitches in 4 inches on size 9 to 11 needles) and you have a pattern that uses bulky yarn and size 10 needles, you can buy any kind of bulky yarn and get a similar result. It has nothing to do with how much your yarn weighs when placed on a scale. Truly a laceweight that is cobweb thin. This is the first yarn type on the chart. The thicker the yarn, the thicker the knitting needles or crochet hook needed. While every yarn isn't perfect for every project, learning about yarn weights will allow you a lot more creativity in your choices. Always follow the gauge stated in your pattern. Yarn Weights – FAQ What is worsted weight yarn? There are six different categories of yarn weights, and according to the Craft Yarn Council, specific weights of yarn should produce a somewhat predictable number of stitches when using a particular-sized needle. Knitting Yarn Weight Chart. Other manufacturers don't make it as easy, but they should have a gauge statement that will say something like "24 stitches and 22 rows per 4 inches on size 4 needles." 0 comments; by rachaelp; Navigating through the myriad types of yarn can be daunting. 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