Niger seed is oil crop of Ethiopian origin like coffee. reduced production costs. 0000153746 00000 n While, Benshangul-Gumuz, SNNP and Gambela regions, respectively account for 9%, 2% and 1% of the total production. 0000023628 00000 n 0000197550 00000 n If sesame production in Ethiopia were further mechanized, however, the competitive advantage of large-scale farming versus smallholder farming would improve. The particularities of sesame cultivation currently practiced in Benishangul Gumuz make such changes in mechanization unlikely in the near-term future. It is the second most important agricultural commodity for export market in the country. Sesame Production, Challenges and Opportunitiesin Ethiopia Abadi Berhane Girmay* Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University, Ethiopia Submission: January 21, 2018; Published: May 03, 2018 *Corresponding author: Abadi Berhane Girmay, Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University, Ethiopia, Email: Agri Res & Tech: Open Access J 15(5): ARTOAJ.MS.ID.555972 (2018) 00155 It is well suited as an alternative crop production system, and it has low crop water requirement with moderate resistance to soil moisture deficit. stream Sesame and Niger seed dominate largely the oil seeds category. 0000026100 00000 n 0000022471 00000 n 0000023270 00000 n Sesame has been cultivated since antiquity (IPGRI 2004). Additionally, sesame seed can grow well in lowland/humid areas with altitudes of up to 1,250m with preferred rainfall of 500-800mm. There is an enormous potential to expand sesame seed production in Ethiopia through cultivation of additional new land. Major opportunities and potentials existing in the country for ... cottonand sesame. Domestic Production: In 2005/06, Ethiopia's volume of main season sesame seed production was .16 million tons. 88 33 Sesame production is expected to increase at a CAGR of 3.5% during the forecast period. Grown mainly in the tropics, sesame production is dominated by smallholders in developing countries. According to Aysheshm (2007), only about 5% is believed to be consumed locally. Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is grown in areas with annual rainfall of 625-1100mm and temperature of >270C. 0000000973 00000 n the national sesame seed production comes from Amhara region, followed by Tigray (31%), and Oromia (13%). 0000256473 00000 n 0000235677 00000 n Likewise, sesame cultivated by 29 countries in Africa on a total land of 6.8 million hectare which a total production of 3.4 million ton (FAOSTAT, 2017). Sesame has negligible economic damage from deer, hogs, and birds. Ethiopia has a total area of 112 million hectares out which about 45% is arable. Nutritional profi le of sesame seeds Sesame oil is highly stable and rarely turns rancid in hot cli-mates. The oilseeds sector /Contents 91 0 R Sesame production in Uganda between 2004 and 2008 averaged 158,600 tonnes/year (FAO, 2010). 0000257415 00000 n %%EOF Despite the traditional way of farming yields for oilseeds are on the. Ethiopia is a major sesame seed exporter in the world market. The objectives of the study were to review the status of production and productivity, Among the oil crops of Ethiopia, sesame seed commands a leading position because it is highly adapted to arid & semiarid low land environment and yields well. Sesame Research and Production in Ethiopia 17 . 5 1. 0000258394 00000 n According It is a short-day plant but also grows well in long-day areas. Ethiopia is one of the centers of biodiversity for several oilseeds which can be considered as specialty high value seeds on the international market. Agriculture is the mainstay of the national economy contributing about 46% of GDP, over 90% export and 83% of employment. Numerous wild relatives occur in Africa and a smaller number in India. 0000021811 00000 n Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an important crop produced in Ethiopia for oilseed production and it was ranked first in total production from oil crops during 2013. Introduction Sesame is strategically important to Ethiopia, as it consistently ranks as a top performing export crop. However, sesame production and marketing in Ethiopia is faced with various challenges that need to be addressed. In article [26] Ermias Mokonon, Endrias Geta and Belaineh Legesse, 2015. Sesame is well adapted to a wide range of soils, but requires deep, well-drained, fertile sandy loams. plots of land. Latest time is 4th of July. 2 Sesame production and marketing system in Ethiopia: an overview 1.3 Sesame production in Ethiopia Sesame is produced in around 75 countries of the world. These farmers, whose output is predominantly cereal crops, account for 95% of the agricultural production in Ethiopia. Furthermore, the study verified that in addition to the quantity of sesame marketed, market price, selling channels, exported Sesame is grown on the farms of small holders and commercial farmers in almost all the regions of Ethiopia. sesame production is concentrated in India, Myanmar, Tanzania, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, China and Ethiopia, which contributing 51% of the world total sesame production. <> It is also one of main commercial crops in Nigeria, Sudan and Ethiopia (www. Sesame is grown from sea level to altitudes of 1500mt with uniformly distributed rainfall of about 500-8-00 mm and temperature of 25- 30 Celsius. sesame production, number of working family members, sesame crop yield and access to credit service determine the level of sesame production participation considerably. Ethiopian Pulses, Oilseeds and Spices Processors Exporters Association, Ministry of Finance and Economic Development (MOFED), Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations, Ethiopian Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations, Ethiopian Horticulture Producers Exporters Association, International Pulses Trade and Industry Confederation (CISILIS-IPTIC), soil types -ranging from fertile soils to sand. In Ethiopia, sesame grows well in the semiarid Table 2 shows the sesame production and trade worldwide and Table 3 enlists the major sesame producers (FAO, 2005). Mid October to November is the usual harvesting time, Harvesting begins when two third of the plant and seed pods turn yellow, Due to its importance as a major export commodity the area coverage and production has increased in the last consecutive years. <> Agriculture in Ethiopia is the largest component of its economy and employs the majority of the Ethiopian population. Hence with the transfer of technology and the provision of inputs, the increment of production and yield will be achieved strongly.
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