It is generally solitary or paired early in the year, but family groups are common in the late summer and winter roosts may have two dozen or more birds in a single covey. PREFERRED HABITAT : Northern bobwhite prefer open hardwood forests and southern pine forests, as well as grasslands, pastures, meadows, and agricultural land with shrubby cover. [citation needed], An albino hen was present in a covey in Bayview, Hawkes Bay for a couple of seasons sometime around 2000. The species is not native to Montana, but has been widely transplanted. [20] As bobwhites are highly productive and popular aviary subjects, it is reasonable to expect other introductions have been made in other parts of the EU, especially in the U.K. and Ireland, where game-bird breeding, liberation, and naturalization are relatively common practices. BIRD OF THE WEEK: June 2, 2017 SCIENTIFIC NAME: Colinus virginianus. However, it is extremely rare for bobwhites to hatch more than two successful nests within one nesting season. Zool. In Mexico, northern bobwhites weigh from 129 to 159 g (4.6 to 5.6 oz) whereas in the north they average 170 to 173 g (6.0 to 6.1 oz) and large males can attain as much as 255 g (9.0 oz). These birds often weave dry grass or weeds to form an arch around the nest, which hides it from potential predators. In some south Texas populations, the female will leave the male to incubate and hatch one nest while she starts another. Parents with chicks will roost on the ground, forming a circular arrangement, with heads facing outwards. [33] Decline of the species has been attributed to intense livestock grazing in an ecosystem that does not rejuvenate quickly. [26][27] After 1923, no more genuinely wild birds were sighted until 1952, when a small population was found northwest of Wairoa in the Ruapapa Road area. Females are similar but are duller overall and have a buff throat and brow without the black border.  Both sexes work to build the nest, a simple scrape on the ground lined with leaves and grasses. [21], From 1898[22] to 1902, some 1,300 birds were imported from America and released in many parts of the North and South Islands,[23] from Northland to Southland. Species List: Northern Bobwhite ( Colinus virginianus ). Eastern birds have rufous across the breast. Only the northern bobwhite, Colinus virginianus, occurs in the United States. There are also extremely rare rufous adults that are almost entirely reddish brown. Like the Grasshopper Sparrow, Partners in Flight considers the Northern Bobwhite as a “Common Bird in Steep Decline.”. The overall rufous plumage has gray mottling on the wings, white scalloped stripes on the flanks, and black scallops on the whitish underparts. The northern bobwhite quail found across much of the central and eastern U.S. is one of several bobwhite species that comprise the genus Colinus, one … [17][18], Northern bobwhite were introduced into Italy in 1927,[19] and are reported in the plains and hills in the northwest of the country. Scientific Name: Colinus virginianus Taxonomy Group: Birds COSEWIC Range: Ontario COSEWIC Assessment Date and Status Change: May 2013 COSEWIC Status: Endangered COSEWIC Status Criteria: B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii); D1 COSEWIC Reason for Designation: Owing to habitat loss, this grassland bird’s population has declined dramatically over historical levels and shows no sign of … The Otago (Acclimatisation) Society imported more in 1948,[25] but these releases did no good. . London, 1842 (1843), p.182.  At night, these coveys roost in a close-packed, outward-facing circle with their tails pointing toward the center, probably to conserve heat and stay alert for predators. 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