The population size is estimated at 80,000 to 120,000 individuals and is stable. I bet you didn’t know this … However, it is large like them and has some similar physical characteristics. The thick coat of the Musk Ox helps to protect it from the environment. It is part of the Caprinae subfamily. By moving to a higher altitude where the snow is thinner, the Musk Ox is still able to dig under the snow to forage. Here are some more cool facts about the amazing mammals, the musk ox! With its long, shaggy outer coat, the Musk Ox is well protected from the bitterly cold winds of the Arctic Tundra. When threatened by potential predators, musk oxen will form a formidable circle around their young with their horns pointing outwards for protection. Musk ox inhabits cold Arctic tundra. Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) are northern animals well adapted to life in the Arctic.At the close of the last ice age, muskox were found across northern Europe, Asia, Greenland and North America, including Alaska. Read on for incredible Musk Ox facts …, (Be sure to watch the incredible video of Musk Oxen fighting!). In fact, their diet includes any vegetation that is available. Musk Oxen calves drink their mother’s milk for 2 months. The scientific name of the musk-ox is Ovibos moschatus . Now with a stable worldwide population of around 150,000, the Musk Ox had previously been hunted to extinction in some areas. The Musk Ox has the scientific name Ovibos moschatus. Protection starts with their amazing coat, the outside of which can reach 100cm (40 in.) Their Greenlandic name, Umimmak, means long-bearded ox. Ox-Wool – Having such a thick fur coat can really turn some heads. This means that musk oxen are more closely related to the species in the Caprinae family such as sheep and goats than they are to cows. The global population of Musk Oxen is around 150,000. The Arctic region is full of some amazing animals, and the Musk Ox is no exception. Muskox ... Musk ox, Musk-ox Kingdom Animalia. It takes a daring predator to try and get through this barrier. Their scientific name translates as “musky sheep-ox”. They graze on leafy plants, shrubs, herbs, arctic flowers, moss, grass, sedges, willow leaves, etc. 7 Magnificent Musk Oxen Facts. By the middle of the 19th century, the only remaining populations of musk oxen were found in the tundra of the Canadian Arctic. Both male and female musk oxen conform to two separate dominance hierarchies, with males more dominant over females. Musk Ox Facts: The Musk Ox’s thick coat keeps it warm in the Arctic. They live in groups that number as few as 5 in the summer to as many as 60 in the winter when conditions get tough. The name “musk ox”, Ovibos moschatus, comes from the distinctive odour produced by males to attract females during the mating season. Everything you need to know about the musk ox, Bewick’s swan guide: how to identify, where they are found and why they are rare, 60+ wildlife and nature books for children and teenagers, Everything you need to know about Dynasties on BBC One. Sign in to manage your newsletter preferences. Musk Ox Facts 2: Qiviut. Muskoxen travel in herds of females and their young led by one or two strong males. ActiveWild.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon stores. The musk-ox is a large, shaggy mammal of the Arctic. They offer shades of gray, black, and brown in their coat. Interesting Facts About the Musk Ox Musk oxen are odd-looking, but incredibly hardy, creatures. The muskox (Ovibos moschatus, in Latin "musky sheep-ox"), also spelled musk ox and musk-ox (in Inuktitut: ᐅᒥᖕᒪᒃ, umingmak; in Woods Cree: ᒫᖨᒨᐢ, mâthi-môs, ᒫᖨᒧᐢᑐᐢ, mâthi-mostos), is an Arctic hoofed mammal of the family Bovidae, noted for its thick coat and for the strong odor emitted by males during the seasonal rut, from which its name derives. Animalia. Musk Oxen live in a harem system, with a dominant male mating with the females in his herd. Musk oxen are stocky mammals with large heads, short necks, and short, stout legs. Learn all about the Arctic bovid that survived the last Ice Age. In the Arctic regions that the Musk Ox calls home, the temperature can drop as low as -94°F (-70°C). Ironically the Musk Ox isnt very closely related to Ox at all. This animal is actually related to sheep and goats. The Musk Ox’s stocky frame reduces the surface area to volume ratio. They are well adapted to survival in the frigid Arctic, and have quite a few interesting characteristics and adaptations to help them survive. They have thick layers of dark brown fur that is so long that it almost touches the ground. Whilst cattle, bison and buffalos are in the subfamily Boninae, musk oxen are in the subfamily Caprinae, which also includes ibex, sheep, and goats. By entering your details, you are agreeing to Discover Wildlife terms and conditions and privacy policy. The Musk Ox is a formidable beast. The researchers used GPS collars to track 19 free-roaming musk oxen for up to three years, said Floris van Beest, an Arctic ecologist at Aarhus University in Denmark and an author of the new paper. As quite a lot of it gets sprayed onto their coat when they urinate, it makes them rather smelly! Weak Musk Ox are more at risk from predation, as are calves. Muskox Facts: Animals of North America. What makes them so unique is their long, brown, shaggy coats. This reduces heat loss as less of the animal is exposed to the cold outside temperatures. Males weigh approximately 300kg and females 200kg. By the way: During this action, a gland on the nose secretes the famous sweet musk odor. The musk ox find nutrients easily during the summer months—when they can enjoy tasty grasses and seasonal wild flowers. This musky odor is used to attract females during mating season. 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Both males and females have broad horns, which nearly meet at the middle of … Their diet includes grass, willows, seeds and berries. The mating season of musk oxen occurs between late August and October. Musk oxen are herbivorous and feed on grasses, Arctic willow, woody plants, lichen, and moss. High levels of body fat work in much the same way as blubber on marine mammals, providing internal organs with additional insulation against the cold. On the males, the horns will combine to form a brow band called a “boss”. Musk oxen live in the frozen Arctic and roam the tundra in search of the roots, mosses, and lichens that sustain them. Currently the Musk Ox is listed as ‘Least Concern’ with the IUCN, although it has been quite a different story in the past. The Musk Ox has evolved several adaptations to help them survive the cold. Musk Ox are herd animals. Standing up to 5ft (1.52 meters) at the shoulder they can weigh as much as 800lb (363kg). 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